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Leap Into Malaysia’s Digital Economy With 5G

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5G EXPLAINED

What is 5G?

5G is the latest generation of cellular technology.
It is meant to deliver faster, more reliable, and lower latency connectivity than earlier generations. It is set to revolutionise our everyday experiences and open up a future of
unparalleled possibilities.

5
4
3
2
1
G

Now - Augmented reality/Virtual reality for consumers and industry Up to 10 Gbps

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2010s - Mobile video Up to 1 Gbps

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2000s - Mobile web browsing Up to 2 Mbps

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1990s - Mobile voice calls and SMS Up to 64 kbps

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1980 - Mobile voice calls Up to 2 kbps

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How Will 5G Enable
Unparalleled Possibilities
for the Future?

10x to 100x
faster speeds, thereby making downloading and uploading large data or content a breeze
1000x
more connections than 4G. One million connected devices per square kilometre
5x
quicker response — meaning sending and receiving information is now more efficient
5x
more energy efficient compared to earlier generations

5G – A Game Changer

5G will drive the next evolution in connectivity to deliver groundbreaking solutions and redefine a new standard
in wireless networking.

Elevate your everyday experiences

Setting the stage for more personalised and connected experiences that are wholly immersive and engaging.

Towards a more digitally inclusive society

Ensuring there’s fair and equitable connectivity for all in order to bridge the urban-rural digital divide.

Entire industries transformed and reimagined

Creating a strong foundation for enterprises to be more efficient, autonomous, competitive, and innovative.

The Impact of 5G in the Digital Economy

5G in Government, Public Safety and Welfare

Government, Public Safety and Welfare

  • Traffic management system
  • Data-driven public policy
  • Mass transit security
  • Public warning system
  • Disaster recovery and emergency response
5G in Education

Education

  • Smart classrooms e.g. IoT-enabled attendance
  • AR/VR immersive lessons
  • 3D holographic telepresence
  • Cloud-based learning materials storage for learning on demand
5G in Healthcare

Healthcare

  • Remote robotic surgery
  • Smart ambulances
  • Remote patient monitoring and wearables
  • Cloud robotics for assisted living, healthcare, rehabilitation
5G in Tourism

Tourism

  • AR/VR immersive experience of tourist sites
  • 3D motion tracking
  • Emergency response during major events
  • Remote access to locations and activities of interest
5G in Retail

Retail

  • Immersive (AR, VR, MR) customer interface
  • AR product information
  • Smart shelves/holographics
  • In-store personalised promotions
  • AR inventory tracking
5G in Oil & Gas

Oil and Gas

  • VR remote inspection
  • Predictive maintenance and engineering operations
  • VR safety training
  • 5G mobile private network
  • Digital data analytics and safety
5G in Manufacturing

Manufacturing

  • Intelligent or smart factory
  • Streamline automation
  • Autonomous and AI robotics
  • IoT and connected sensors
  • AR asset diagnostics
  • Drones in factories for real-time surveillance
5G in Ports

Ports

  • Remote control cranes
  • Intelligent video surveillance of port operations
  • Autonomous tracking and monitoring of logistics
  • Connectivity with tugboats, security cameras, sensors
5G in Power & Utilities

Power and Utilities

  • Smart grid integration of sensors into the generation and distribution grid
  • Advanced metering infra and smart meters
  • Remote monitoring of sites
  • Energy efficiency
5G in Agriculture

Agriculture

  • Unmanned farming
  • Automated harvesting
  • Smart crop management
  • Agriculture cloud platform

Government, Public Safety and Welfare

  • Traffic management system
  • Data-driven public policy
  • Mass transit security
  • Public warning system
  • Disaster recovery and emergency response

Education

  • Smart classrooms e.g. IoT-enabled attendance
  • AR/VR immersive lessons
  • 3D holographic telepresence
  • Cloud-based learning materials storage for learning on demand

Healthcare

  • Remote robotic surgery
  • Smart ambulances
  • Remote patient monitoring and wearables
  • Cloud robotics for assisted living, healthcare, rehabilitation

Tourism

  • AR/VR immersive experience of tourist sites
  • 3D motion tracking
  • Emergency response during major events
  • Remote access to locations and activities of interest

Retail

  • Immersive (AR, VR, MR) customer interface
  • AR product information
  • Smart shelves/holographics
  • In-store personalised promotions
  • AR inventory tracking

Oil and Gas

  • VR remote inspection
  • Predictive maintenance and engineering operations
  • VR safety training
  • 5G mobile private network
  • Digital data analytics and safety

Manufacturing

  • Intelligent or smart factory
  • Streamline automation
  • Autonomous and AI robotics
  • IoT and connected sensors
  • AR asset diagnostics
  • Drones in factories for real-time surveillance

Ports

  • Remote control cranes
  • Intelligent video surveillance of port operations
  • Autonomous tracking and monitoring of logistics
  • Connectivity with tugboats, security cameras, sensors

Power and Utilities

  • Smart grid integration of sensors into the generation and distribution grid
  • Advanced metering infra and smart meters
  • Remote monitoring of sites
  • Energy efficiency

Agriculture

  • Unmanned farming
  • Automated harvesting
  • Smart crop management
  • Agriculture cloud platform
image 5G in Malaysia’s Economic Transformation

Enabling Malaysia's Digital
and Economic Transformation

Empowering a data-driven government

to guide more effective
policy-making and public services.

Driving socio-economic development

by creating over 100,000 new jobs across industries and delivering up to RM100 billion in GDP uplift.

Frequently Asked Questions

Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB) which is wholly owned by the Minister of Finance (Incorporated) has been mandated by the Government of Malaysia to be the single neutral party to undertake the deployment of 5G infrastructure and network nationwide and is licensed under the Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 (the Act) to provide wholesale 5G coverage and capacity to other licensees under the Act.

DNB was established to assist in delivering the following key outcomes in line with the MyDigital aspirations to:

  • Accelerate deployment of 5G infrastructure and network in Malaysia
  • Realise the potential of 5G in Malaysia to spur economic activity
  • Narrow the urban-rural digital divide and improve the current state of infrastructure
  • Avoid duplication of infrastructure and optimise the use of scarce resources
  • Promote service-based competition within the telecommunications industry

DNB will collaborate with relevant stakeholders including government, regulators, state and local authorities, network equipment providers, telecommunications operators, infrastructure owners, as well as various user groups which will benefit from the use of 5G products and services.

These stakeholders include Ericsson, the appointed network equipment provider (NEP), mobile network operators (MNOs) and other licensees, site owners, fiber optics providers, power and utility players, as well as financial institutions.

DNB will deploy an end-to-end nationwide network which are aligned to the following business principles:

  • To adopt a multi-operator core network (MOCN) model, in addition to leveraging existing sites and fiber networks;
  • To implement a supply-led rollout strategy to accelerate nationwide coverage and adoption
  • To help reduce cost to serve for licensees, driven by spectral efficiency and by eliminating the need for the duplication of assets through the SWN model
  • To encourage MNOs and other licensees to shift away from infrastructure-based competition, towards a more service-oriented business model; and
  • To catalyse 5G enterprise-grade application adoption and innovation by orchestrating the necessary ecosystem and multi-model support systems.

DNB will enable three key 5G capabilities which are Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Massive Machine Type Communication (mMTC) and Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication (uRLLC).

This will include the underlying 5G capabilities such as network slicing, artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML), robotics and augmented reality and virtual reality (AR/VR) which will enable innovation that drives efficiency, service enablement and new experiences in various verticals.

The three key 5G capabilities are explained below:

  • Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB): Quite simply, the provision of mobile data, but at greater scale than before. 5G coverage will build on the speed and low-latency gains made by 4G to deliver even faster downlink and uplink speeds, and even lower latency. These gains can be experienced on 5G-enabled devices. eMBB makes any internet-based activity – whether accessing apps, email, websites, watching videos, and updating software – much faster and more seamless.
  • Ultra-reliable, low latency communication (URLLC): This is defined by the 3GPP as a user plane latency of no more than 1 millisecond. URLLC makes it possible to support use cases that require very high reliability and extremely low latency such as industrial automation, intelligent transportation, and remote medical diagnosis and surgery.
  • Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC): mMTC is all about developing connectivity for large numbers of low-cost, low-energy devices or sensors in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT).

DNB will also facilitate collaboration with industry stakeholders to identify key verticals as well as co-create unique, resilient, and proprietary applications for the consumer and enterprise segments.

Additionally, DNB will facilitate the deployment of fixed wireless access (FWA) to address last mile connectivity, particularly for rural and outlying areas of the country. With FWA technology, DNB will be able to extend 5G coverage to homes and businesses in areas where fiber deployment is not feasible.

This will promote greater digital inclusivity, allowing rural communities to participate in and benefit from Malaysia’s growing digital economy.

The entire 5G network rollout is expected to cost RM11 billion over the next 10 years.

Ericsson has been appointed as the network equipment provider at a cost of approximately RM4 billion, of which an estimated RM2 billion will be spent in Malaysia through domestic suppliers and contractors including Bumiputera vendors.

The associated infrastructure which will directly benefit the domestic telecommunications industry is expected to cost approximately RM7 billion over the same 10-year period.

This RM7 billion represents infrastructure spending such as towers, telecommunications fiber, power and other costs, which will directly benefit government-linked companies, Bumiputera contractors and other companies that are invested in the telecommunications industry.

The cost of deployment of the estimated RM11 billion 5G network will be financed through a mixture of deferred payments to vendors, trade and working capital financing, and Sukuk programmes that will be raised by the domestic banking industry.

The digital transformation catalysed by 5G coverage stands to create a potential GDP uplift of some RM100 billion and a further 100,000 new jobs by the year 2030.

In addition to the long-term GDP and job opportunities, other key socioeconomic benefits include:

  • Enabling the creation of more than 1,000 jobs to support the deployment of the 5G network
  • Facilitating domestic vendor participation by involving them in the supply of various NEP-related services
  • Seeding invaluable knowledge building programmes for industry, government, and academia
  • Developing a 5G Experiential Centre and Innovation Lab to showcase 5G use cases and fast track the development of tech start-ups.

DNB has identified several major industries that could be early beneficiaries of the 5G deployment, including oil and gas, ports, tourism, education, healthcare, agriculture, manufacturing, retail, as well as power and utilities.

5G services will be available in Putrajaya, Cyberjaya and parts of Kuala Lumpur in December 2021. Thereafter, it is planned to reach approximately 40% coverage in populated areas by the end of 2022 and subsequently will be extended nationwide to cover other urban and rural areas and industrial parks, with a target of approximately 80% coverage in populated areas by 2024. These plans are presently being finalised and more details will be shared upon approval of the plans by the MCMC.

Keeping 5G networks secure from cybersecurity threats is critical to realising its full-fledged benefits to consumers, organisations, and enterprises in the long run. 5G connectivity must therefore be consistent and reliable.

DNB understands the significant cybersecurity risk and adversarial interest from a range of threat actors towards DNB, critical national infrastructure (CNI) and 5G telecommunications organisations.

With this in mind, the Cybersecurity Office was created as part of DNB’s mandate to securely deploy the nation’s 5G telecommunications infrastructure. The Cybersecurity Office is critical to ensuring the safety, security, and digital resilience of the organisation, the services offered, and the data managed.

The Cybersecurity Office is empowered to ensure that DNB’s 5G network is resilient against cyberattacks. This includes not only the ability to detect threats, but to recover from them, and comply with both domestic and international laws, regulations, and standards.

DNB’s Cybersecurity Office covers the following four focus areas:

  • Protect, Shield, Defend, and Prevent cyberattacks in the organisation
  • Monitor, Detect, and Hunt malicious and potentially damaging activities
  • Respond, Recover, and Sustain operations in the event of a significant incident
  • Govern, Manage and Comply to regulatory and cybersecurity risk requirements

DNB is committed to the adoption of international standards (e.g. NIST, 3GPP, GSMA) and collaboration with not just regulators, but the broader ecosystem, robust internal education, as well as a 24/7 Security Operations Centre.

The 5G rollout will be implemented as a Single Wholesale Network (SWN).

Simply put, a 5G SWN refers to the provision of nationwide 5G coverage, delivered via one common network, to which all MCMC licensees in Malaysia can seek equal access on a wholesale basis. This common network will be built, owned, and operated by DNB. DNB will work closely with the appointed Network Equipment Provider (NEP) Ericsson, for the design, build, and maintenance of the 5G network.

Eligible licensees will be able to integrate their networks and infrastructure with the new single wholesale network established.

The deployment of 5G network via a single entity was deliberated and considered earlier by the industry and MCMC as reflected in MCMC’s Public Inquiry report on “Allocation of spectrum bands for mobile broadband service in Malaysia”, published on 31st December 2019, which was intended to lower the capital expenditure (“CAPEX’) by minimising costs and preventing the duplication of infrastructure, especially when improvements and expansion of the 4G networks are still on-going under the Jalinan Digital Negara (JENDELA) initiative.

The establishment of Digital Nasional Berhad as a Single Wholesale Network is to assist in delivering the following key outcomes in line with the MyDigital aspirations, which are to:

  • Accelerate deployment of 5G infrastructure and network in Malaysia
  • Realise the potential of 5G in Malaysia to spur economic activity
  • Narrow the urban-rural digital divide and improve the current state of infrastructure
  • Avoid duplication of infrastructure and optimise the use of scarce resources
  • Promote service-based competition within the telecommunications industry